Ap Hc Mc As Droni
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Drones: Old terms of LIC15

ENAC LIC15 is the basic circular of reference relating to Training Centers and Pilot Certificates for remotely piloted aircraft.

In the versions prior to the current one, which instead aims towards the European regulation, some terminologies were used relating to both drones and pilot licenses (certificates), which no longer have a sense of existence.

However, as several people are still researching the meaning of this outdated terminology, and also because some questions for the online driver’s license may relate to these terms, it is better to assign meaning to each acronym.

LIC15 is the basic circular of reference relating to Training Centers and Pilot Certificates for remotely piloted aircraft.

In the versions prior to the current one, which instead aims towards the European regulation, some terminologies were used relating to both drones and pilot licenses (certificates), which no longer have a sense of existence.

However, as several people are still researching the meaning of this outdated terminology, and also because some questions for the online driver’s license may relate to these terms, it is better to assign meaning to each acronym.

Ap, Hc, Mc, As: meaning

The four acronyms refer to the type of aircraft (drone) and are not to be confused with the old terminology used for pilot licenses.

Ap

Ap: AirPlane, this acronym was used to identify a fixed wing UAV (see Drones: Acronyms & Terms). In this type of aircraft, one or more propellers ensure flight (movement) and in combinations with the wings they generate “lift“.

Ap – Dealir UX11 Ag – Image taken from Delair web site

Hc

Hc: HeliCopter, acronym used to identify helicopters (model aircraft). In this case the flight is ensured by the combined action of the rotors (main and tail).

Hc Helicopter
Hc – Helicopter – Image taken drom pixabay.com – free for commercial use – Author Chicklilino

Mc

Mc: MultiCopter, acronym that identifies the UAV (see Drones: Acronyms & Terms), or the drone as it is understood today. In the drone the propellers (which are also the wings), ensure the lift, or the flight of the drone.

Mc Drone
Mc Drone – Image taken from pixabay.com – free for commercial use – Author _freakware

As

As: Aerostate, acronym used to identify airships. The airship is composed of a casing filled with light gases and propellers for movement.

As Aerostate Drone
As – Aerostae – Image taken from pixabay.com – free for commercial use – Author peggy_marco

VL, L, H: Old piloting classes

Similar to the acronyms used to distinguish, in the past from LIC15, air vehicles, there were (today no longer), acronyms to identify the type of license (piloting class), owned by a pilot. And precisely:

VL

VL: Very Light, this specific class included all the UAVs vehicles with take-off weight between 300 grs. and 4 kg.

L

L: Light, specific class which included all the UAV vehicles with take-off weight between 4 kg. and 25 kg.

H

H: Heavy, specific class for UAVs vehicles with take-off weight greater than 25 kg.

VL/Mc, VL/Ap, L/Mc with all combinations

After having clarified the meaning of the terms Ap, Hc, Mc and As, as well as that of the abbreviations L. VL and H, one might ask what the combination of the various abbreviations meant. To explain it, let’s make a couple of examples, the remaining combinations will in fact be immediately understandable.

License VL/Mc

According to the old LIC15, a pilot who was in possession of a VL/Mc license, was therefore enabled to fly a mulicopter (APR or drone), with an Operational Take-off Mass (MOD), between 300 grs. and the 4 Kg.

License L/Ap

Vice versa, a pilot with an L/Ap license was therefore enabled to fly an airplane (intended as a fixed wing drone), with an Operational Take-off Mass (MOD), between 4 kg and 25 kg. E etc.

Obviously, the Classes / Categories were reported on the Pilot Certificates by means of the acronyms mentioned above.

The courses also, “at the time“, generally covered two classes, for example VL/Mc and L/Mc, in order to give the pilot more possibilities in relation to the pilot classes.

Airspace V70 – Reserved for model aircraft

Finally, it is worth mentioning, the V70 airspace, which now concerns only model aircraft, since for SAPR there are no such limits (except 120 A.G.L.). The V70 airspace is in fact the airspace reserved for model aircraft that fly up to a maximum of 70 meters (A> G.L.) and within a radius of 200 meters (i.e. a cylinder 70 meters high with a diameter of 400 meters).

Remember this if you get your license online with ENAC!


Note regarding the images: The images showed in the article are taken from the pixabay.com, free for commercial use and without attribution request. The author, however mentioned, is the legitimate owner. The use of the images is exclusively for the purpose of a better understanding of the contents of the article. The highlighted image was created by 4mydrone on a basic photo taken from the pixaby.com site, free for commercial use, whose author is _freakware.

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Last Updated on/Ultimo aggiornamento – 28/07/2020

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