Home Blog articles Drone pilot certificate A1-A2-A3 categories

Drone pilot certificate A1-A2-A3 categories

by Fabio Affortunato
Drone License Category A1 A2 A3
Reading time / Tempo lettura : 4 minutes / minuti

As announced in the blog article “ENAC: Interruzione test online pilota “Open category“, the ENAC online test for the achievement of the A1 and A3 category drone pilot certificate has been frozen since last January 20. The official reason for the unavailability of this online service is the adaptation of the site (and perhaps of the questions being tested) to the 2019/947 Implementing Regulation.

The ENAC pop-up, if you try to access online services, is in fact always the following:

Following indications received from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency – EASA, the service for the issuance of the UAS Pilot certificate (non-critical operations) is temporarily interrupted to allow for regulatory transposition in order to ensure European recognition.

For further information and updates, we invite users to follow the communications published on the institutional website www.enac.gov.it and in the serviziweb.enac.gov.it“. (Source ENAC website).

The famous 15 days have long since passed and it is not possible to achieve any drone pilot certificate with all due respect to all users.

Pilot certificates based on category

While certifying that the possibility of taking the online tests for the achievement of the drone pilot certificate for categories A1 and A3 is unlocked again, it is good to do a quick review about which certificates it is necessary to have to pilot the drones in the light of of the Implementing Regulation 2019/947 and of the UAS-IT Regulation.

Drones weighing <250 grams – No pilot certification

Both the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 and the UAS-IT regulation do not provide for the need to obtain the drone pilot certificate for the piloting of all those drones whose MTOM (See Drones – Acronyms & Terms), is inferior to 250 grams.

If the drone in question does not have a camera or sound recording device, the drone does not even have to be registered on the d-flight platform to obtain the UAS operator code.

So, for example, the owner of a DJI Mini 2 drone does not have to have a drone pilot certificate, but must register on the d-flight portal, obtain the UAS operator code and apply it to the DJI Mini 2.

And, again for example, an owner of an Eachine E012 Mini Quadcopter drone, without camera and audio recording systems, weighing 15 grams, can be piloted without being in possession of a drone pilot certificate, and the pilot does not have to register. on the d-flight portal (always if you only use this drone).

On the other hand, insurance (R.C.) for the drone is always mandatory.

Drone pilot certificates A1-A3 category

All pilots whose drones belong to the “Open” category with MTOM weight including: 250 grams <MTOM <900 grams, who may fly on people not involved, belong to category A1 – CE class C1-, must have a pilot certificate drones to be achieved through online tests.

Pilots whose drones belong to the “Open” category with MTOM weight included: 4 Kg <MTOM <25 Kg, flying far from people belong to category A3 – CE class C3, C4 and privately built drones -, must be in possession of drone pilot certificate to be achieved through the same online test valid for category A1.

The achievement of the A1 and A3 category drone pilot certificate therefore takes place through online tests on the ENAC website, and costs 31 euros for three attempts. The multiple choice exam for a total of 40 questions, to be passed, implies the achievement of at least 75% of correct answers.

Drone pilots belonging to categories A1 and A3, to fly must be registered on the d-flight portal as a UAS operator and have the UAS operator code to be applied to each drone in the fleet.

For how to register on the d-flight portal, we recommend reading the following guide “d-flight – Register your drone (guide)“, which illustrates how to register without errors on the d-flight site as a UAS operator.

Insurance (R.C.) for all drones in any fleet is always mandatory.

Drone pilot certificates A2 category

Pilots whose drones belong to the “Open” category with MTOM weight included: 900 grams <MTOM <4 kg who fly close to people in their operation, belong to category A2 – CE C2 class -, must have a drone pilot certificate.

ENAC, through its press release published on its website (link), announced the imminent implementation of the exam to achieve the A2 category drone pilot certificate.

The Training Centers will operate as a Recognized Entity to carry out the theoretical exams required for the issue by the ENAC of the certificates of competence of Remote Pilot, OPEN A2 subcategory.” (Source ENAC)

But in addition to this, ENAC informs in the same press release that:

Finally, we inform you that ENAC will make available on the portal” serviziweb.enac.gov.it “an online service for carrying out the theoretical exam for the achievement of the Remote Pilot Competence Certificate, OPEN A2 sub-category similar to that to obtain categories A1 and A3.

The cost of the service will be equal to Euro 94 and will allow three examination attempts. “(Source ENAC website)

A big blow to the training centers.

Therefore, to access the A2 category drone pilot exam, the candidate must already be in possession of the A1 / A3 pilot certificate and must also have carried out autonomous practical training in operating conditions provided for by category A3 (flying away from people).

The achievement of the A2 category drone pilot certificate will therefore also take place through online tests on the ENAC website, for it costs 94 euros for three attempts. The multiple choice exam for a total of 30 questions, to be passed, implies the achievement of at least 75% of correct answers.

The subjects for the A2 category drone pilot certificate are:

  • flight performance of UAS,
  • technical and operational risk mitigation measures on the ground,
  • meteorology,

which are added to those provided for the A1/A3 category certificate (old Syllabus ebook ENAC):

  • Aviation safety
  • Aviation regulations
  • Airspace restrictions
  • Limitations of human performance
  • Operating procedures
  • General knowledge of UAS
  • Confidentiality and data protection
  • Insurance
  • Security,

or which free eBooks made by 4mydrone are available for preparation for online tests (see “Online license from 1st September – Let’s get ready with the free 4mydrone ebooks!“).

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Note regarding the images: The featured image is taken from pixabay.com. free for commercial use and without request for attribution. The author is Lukas Bieri. The base image was reworked by 4mydrone. The use of images is exclusively for the purpose of better understanding the contents of the article.

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Last Updated on/Ultimo aggiornamento – 17/09/2021

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